Mountain Gorilla Conservation Efforts

Mountain Gorilla Conservation Efforts – Ways to Save Gorillas

Mountain gorilla conservation efforts are joint campaigns undertaken by various partners globally for the survival of the endangered primate species. Due of their endangered status, various stakeholders have put up gorilla protection efforts to save, conserve and make sure there is survival and continuity of the great primates. Currently, there is an estimated 1000 mountain gorillas remaining in the world. These gorillas are only found in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest and Mgahinga National Park in Uganda. Other gorillas live the Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda the Virunga National Park the Democratic Republic of Congo. All the gorilla tours in Africa are only enjoyed in the mentioned 3 countries and 4 parks.

Government Efforts in Gorilla Conservation

In the move to conserve the endangered primates, governments with their authoritative bodies are at the forefront of the crusade. Even though nongovernmental bodies and agencies are also at the front-line in fighting for the rights and survival of the mountain gorillas that are risking extinction if no moves to save them.

In Uganda, the Uganda Wildlife Authority is in charge of managing and protecting national parks plus other wildlife attractions in the country. Bwindi and Mgahinga National Park are under the this body.

The Rwanda Development Board ensures that the Volcanoes National Park with its gorillas as well as other tourists destinations in the country are well managed and conserved.

The Congolese Institute for Nature Conservation (ICCN), semi-government authority makes sure that all the protected areas in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are properly conserved. The Virunga National Park is among Congo’s protected wilflide areas.

International Bodies in Mountain Gorilla Conservation

The International Gorilla Conservation Programme (IGCP)

The International Gorilla Conservation Programme (IGCP) has been a key partner in protecting Mountain gorillas in the east and central african region. The IGCP was set up in 1991 to conserve the gravely endangered mountain gorillas in their habitat in the forests of the Virunga Massif in Rwanda, Uganda and Congo.

African Wild Foundation

The African Wild Foundation (AWF) is another conservation partner in the mountain gorilla survival. In early 2018, the body offered 27 hectares (69 acres) of land near the Volcanoes National Park reinforce the ongoing programme of expanding the habitat of the gorillas and all the wildlife in the park. The land was an addition to the 16,000 hectares, the current area size of the entire park.

Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International

The Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International is a charity fund for protecting the critically endangered mountain gorillas. The fund also known as The Digit Fund was created up by the late Dr. Dian Fossey in 1978 for financing her anti-poaching patrols and prevention poaching of the mountain gorillas.The Gorilla Fund leads the world in conserving and studying gorillas at the same time assisting communities strengthen their conservation potentials.

Government Bodies in Mountain Gorilla Conservation Efforts

Rwanda Development Board (RDB)

The Rwanda Development Board, is a government department that integrates all government agencies responsible for the attraction, retention and facilitation of investments in the economy. The RDB is also responsible for managing Rwanda’s national parks and protected areas including Volcanoes National Park, a home to Mountain gorillas in Rwanda. This government agency also sells Rwanda gorilla permits as well.

Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA)

The Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) is government agency responsible for the managing and protecting Wildlife in and outside protected areas in Uganda. The body is under the Ministry of Tourism, Wildlife and Antiquities. Uganda Wildlife Authority manages 10 National Parks; 12 Wildlife Reserves; 5 Community Wildlife Management Areas plus 13 Wildlife Sanctuaries. The ten National Parks include Queen Elizabeth, Lake Mburo, Murchison Falls, Kidepo Valley, Kibale, Mount Elgon, Rwenzori Mountains, Semuliki, Mgahinga Gorilla National Park and Bwindi Impenetrable forest. These parks display the best wildlife in East African region. Their beautiful Rift Valley landscapes and tropical forests make dramatic backdrops to an wider assortment of flora and fauna. UWA also sells Uganda gorilla permits as well collecting entry fees to other tourist attractions under its jurisdiction.

Localized Efforts 

In Bwindi, there is a Gorilla Health and Community Conservation Centre (CTPH). The Centre works hand in hand with the Uganda Wildlife Authority to analyze the gorilla samples whose findings are key in curbing possible disease between the primates and humans. The sample analysis helps in prevention of the spread of diseases between people and the gorillas. Humans need gorillas and the gorillas too need human beings, therefore curbing any disease exchange or transmission between the two is conservation well done.